Archive for the ‘Second Temple’ Category

Jewish Messianic Expectation in the Second Temple Period?

October 24, 2007

Over the past few weeks, I have been laboring through some Second Temple literature in order to find out whether or not there was a continuous messianic expectation among Jews throughout the Second Temple period. This meant I had to read literature such as the Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Dead Sea Scrolls, Josephus, Philo, and, my favorite, the Bible. It was a challenge to read through the extra-canonical resources; however, it made studying the Old and New Testaments all the more sweeter, and reminded me of how thankful I should be more often for these precious words of life concerning the Christ, my Redeemer. I posted the paper on the “Theology & Exegesis” page, under “Exegesis and Interpretation”, that is, if you are interested. If you want the shorter version: there was.

The morning I was to present my paper to the class, God blessed me with his word during my morning prayer time. My presentation was to include many references to the messianic emphases of the Old Testament and Second Temple literature, especially the peculiar references to the God-ordained Davidic throne. Providentially, my readings for that morning were from Psalm 89, Jeremiah 33, and Revelation 5. I will give you a taste by quoting portions of them here: 

“I [God] have made a covenant with My chosen; I have sworn to David My servant, I will establish your seed forever and build up your throne to all generations” (Ps 89:3-4). 

“In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she will be called: the Lord is our righteousness” (Jer 33:15-16).

“Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals” (Rev 5:5).

Once again, the Lord showed me how intimately involved he is in my life, even in so orchestrating all things (e.g. presentation dates, scripture reading, morning prayer time, a paper about the Messiah, etc.) so that I was able to bask in the glory of the Son of David, Jesus Christ, before I went to class. What is more, the Lord will be doing this for his children forever. Glory…Glory…Glory be to God in the highest!